Advice to Contributors

Aims: The South Australian Ornithologist aims to publish material on the birds of Australia, with an emphasis on the birds of South Australia. We publish papers and bird notes that are peer-reviewed, plus annual bird reports, book reviews and obituaries. Submissions should be concise, original, consider previous relevant literature and, except for bird notes and book reviews, begin with an abstract. Book reviews and obituaries are the authors’ personal views. Manuscripts (MS) should be exclusively submitted to this journal. Contributors need not be SAOA members.

Submissions: We prefer MS that are submitted electronically by e-mail or on a CD, but if necessary accept printed copies. MS should be typed with double-spacing and > 3 em margins. Type the text unjustified and without end-of-line hyphenation, except in the case of compound words. We accept MS prepared on most word processors; if in doubt also submit a copy in RTF (Rich Text Format). MS should be consistent and simple without special fonts, indents and elaborate formatting. Avoid footnotes and if possible appendices unless they are absolutely necessary.

Graphics and Photographs: Both are encouraged and should be submitted electronically as Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) or TIFF files. Figures and Tables should be self-explanatory and designed to fit within the margins of the journal (single page 146 mm, double page 203 mm}. Letters, numbers and symbols within the graphic must be clear. Ensure that stippling and I or symbols in figures are legible at the size likely to be used in the published paper. Place captions for the tables and figures after the references as they will be formatted separately from the graphic. We also encourage the submission of relevant colour photographs that should be sharp and high quality (preferably PNG, RAW or TIFF) that supplement the MS or are suitable for the cover. If necessary, transparencies or prints can be submitted for scanning and the originals will be returned to the authors. Please credit relevant photographers, artists and cartographers.

Nomenclature: When a species is first mentioned give both its English and scientific name, the latter unbracketed and italicised, e.g. Square-tailed Kite, Lophoictinia isura. Thereafter only use one, and always the same name. Nomenclature, style and systematic order are based, subject to revision, on Census of South Australian Vertebrates, Section 3: Birds Taxonomy, available as a pdf at . Scientific plant names, subject to revision, are according to the Electronic Flora of South Australia which can be accessed online. Note the use of capitals for animals and plants, e.g. six Superb Fairywrens, but an unidentified fairywren; one Fat-tailed Dunnart, but several dunnarts; one Ruby Saltbush).

References: List references alphabetically at the end of the paper with the names of the authors and periodicals given in full. Avoid referring to web pages if possible because they constantly change and have poor longevity. Authors are cited in the text thus: Baxter (2010); (Marchant and Higgins 1993); (Blakers, Davies and Reilly 1984; Hornsby 1987); (Roshier et al. 2001). Note et al. is used where a cited paper has four or more authors, but is not used in the reference list. Authors must reasonably endeavour to locate and cite the primary or original sources of their information. In some cases handbooks, field guides and compendiums (although valuable resources) not suffice as the primary reference.

The following style should be used for references:

Baxter, C. 2010. Antarctic Terns, Sterna vittata, in Australia with an analysis of their possible race and origin. 35: 209-222.

Barrett, G., Silcocks, A., Barry, S., Cunningham, R. and Poulter, R. 2003. The new atlas of Australian birds. Birds Australia, Melbourne.

Close, D. 1982. Birds of the Ninety Mile Desert. In The Ninety Mile Desert of South Australia. C.R. Harris, A.R. Reeves and D.C. Symon (eds). Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Adelaide, pp 85-87.

Marchant, S. and Higgins, P.J. (eds). 1990. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Volume 1B, Australian Pelican to ducks. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

SAOA. 1995. Bird Records. South Australian Ornithological Association Newsletter 155:15.

Style, measurements and abbreviations: Style generally follows the Style manual: for authors, editors and printers, Sixth edition, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra 2002. We encourage the use of the first person for a direct and engaging style. Spelling follows The Macquarie Dictionary, Second Edition, the Macquarie Library, Sydney, 1991. Use’s’ not ‘z’ in words such as ‘recognise’, ‘analyse’ and ‘organisation’, and use ‘ou’ in words like ‘colour’ and ‘behaviour’. Check carefully that all references mentioned in the text are in the References, and vice versa. To abbreviate, first use the full wording followed by the abbreviation in brackets, then use the abbreviation only. Numbers under 10 are spelled out and then Arabic numerals are used, e.g. nine whistlers but 10 finches. However, to avoid unnecessary inconsistency and confusion, if a sentence or paragraph contains other numbers larger than 10, all numbers, including those under 10, should be given as Arabic numerals. No sentence should start with an Arabic numeral. Type a space between a numeral and its unit e.g 3m. For time use the 24- hour clock system, e.g. 0735 – 2050 h. Give dates in the form 1 November 2008, though in tables and figures dates be given as 1/11/08. Geographical references should be in the form: 20 km NE (or north east) of Adelaide; southern areas of South Australia; 35° 24′ S, 138° 39′ E. Other abbreviations are in the form: 8 x 42 binoculars; 2% or two percent; 3 m or three metres; X̄ or mean (x̄) s.d. or standard deviation; s.e. or standard error;  or χ2 (symbol χ + superscript 2) Chi square.  

Population Studies: Reviews of the birds of an area should include the habitats and climate and a summary of relevant literature. Include a map of the area showing localities mentioned in the text, an insert showing tl1e locality in Australia, and a scale. Extensive data on many species should be given in a table(s) or an annotated list, preferably not as an appendix. Summarise repeated patterns as ranges on each visit (e.g. 3-10 during Aug-Oct 2001-3), using measures of variance if there are sufficient data (e.g. modes, means and standard deviations). If possible report breeding, seasonal movements, population trends, habitat use and other significant observations.

Referees and editorial assistance: The editors will provide some assistance in the preparation of an MS. Submissions without a reasonable attempt to conform to the specifications above will be returned to the author for correction before being refereed. Acceptance of a MS will be subject to the decision of the editors

Revised February 2014